Regarding your question about DHA and ARA, we originally did not add these non-essential fatty acids to our formula. There continues to be controversy over the algal and fungal sources of DHA and ARA being added to infant and toddler formulas and foods (with the exception of our Baby's Only Organic® Dairy with DHA Formula) and the verdict on the addition of DHA and ARA to formulas and foods is still out.
We follow the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics closely, and to date, they have not come out with a definitive statement on the necessity of adding these two non-essential fatty acids (DHA and ARA) to formula or food. The reason is that a full term, healthy infant or toddler has the capability of making the non-essential fatty acids DHA and ARA from two essential fatty acids, linolenic fatty acid and linoleic fatty acid (2), which are in all formulas, including Baby’s Only Organic® formulas. In addition, the FDA has not established a recommended daily intake for DHA needed per day (1,2) and there is insufficient research that clearly shows the benefits and/or negative side effects of DHA supplementation in long term use.(2)
We do offer Baby's Only Organic Dairy with DHA/ARA formula for parents who prefer to have this supplement added to a dairy formula.
2. Gibson RA, Makrides M. “n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acid requirements of term infants1’2’3.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2000; 71: 2512-255s.