There are presently no specific recommendations on how much DHA and ARA are needed in a baby's formula. Because phospholipids are better absorbed than triglycerides, the amounts present in Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy with DHA & ARA Formula and the 1:2 ratio of DHA to ARA are appropriate and safe and within the guidelines of the Institute of Medicine. 1.
Remember, a full-term healthy baby has the capability of converting the essential fatty acids (linolenic and linoleic) to DHA and ARA. High doses of omega-3 fatty acids like DHA and omega-6 fatty acids like ARA can cause gastrointestinal upset, loose stools or diarrhea.2 Excessive amounts of DHA could also cause some disruption to the immune system and excessive bleeding. 2
The typical American diet with reliance on highly processed foods and fatty foods is high in omega-6 fats and low in omega-3 fats resulting in chronic diseases such as diabetes and coronary heart disease later in life. Current recommendations suggest increasing the amounts of omega-3 fatty acids for a healthy diet and providing a better balance or ratio between omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids. 3 The levels of DHA and ARA added to Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy with DHA & ARA Formula are not considered high and also are in an appropriate ratio to promote good growth and development in babies and young children.
With the addition of DHA and ARA from algal and fungal sources (branded as life’sDHA™) to formulas, a number of adverse reaction reports have been submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration. 4 These reports document that feeding a formula containing life’sDHA™ resulted in a number of babies suffering gassiness, diarrhea, excessive spit up, and fussiness. When the babies were provided a formula without these DHA and ARA sources, the babies no longer exhibited the adverse symptoms. For these reasons, Nature’s One has selected an egg yolk phospholipid source for the DHA and ARA in Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy with DHA & ARA Formula and in an appropriate 1:2 ratio.
|DHA & ARA Composition
|Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy with DHA & ARA
1. Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2002.
2. Sourced July 17, 2011 from: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/othernuts/omega3fa/
3. Sourced July 31, 2011 from: http://www.umm.edu/altmed/articles/omega-6-000317.htm
4. Sourced July 31, 2011 from: http://www.cornucopia.org/DHA/AdverseReactionReports.pdf