Goats Milk

Nature's One does not produce a goat's milk based formula. At the present time, there are no goat’s milk based infant formulas on the U.S. market. Goat’s milk is gaining popularity because goats eat less and occupy less grazing space than cows and also because goat’s milk is thought to be more easily digested and less allergenic than cow’s milk. Although goat’s milk may theoretically have some advantages over cow’s milk when it comes to allergies, scientific studies have found that infants and children with a cow’s milk protein allergy often will also be allergic to goat's milk.

Just like cow’s milk has a nutrient profile needed to support a growing calf, the composition of goat’s milk meets the needs of a growing goat kid but not that of a human baby. Goat’s milk has a slightly higher protein content and more potassium, phosphorus, sodium and chloride than cow’s milk. These amounts (known as the renal solute load) found in both goat’s milk and cow’s milk are higher than found in human milk and in infant formula and could overload an infant’s developing kidneys and result in serious health problems. Goat’s milk acidosis has been reported in the scientific literature and is most likely a result of the high protein level.  There has been a report of an infant who became seriously ill because of use of goat’s milk and this emphasizes why goat’s milk should not be used as an exclusive feeding for infants. This report described an infant who developed azotemia (abnormally high nitrogen compounds in the blood) and hypernatremia (abnormally high sodium levels in the blood) resulting in intracranial infarctions (death of tissue in the intracranial portion of the brain).

The fat in goat’s milk is lower in essential fatty acids than cow’s milk. The types of fats in goat’s milk differ from both cow’s milk and human milk. Goat’s milk butterfat, just like butterfat from cow’s milk, is an animal fat that is more difficult to digest than the fat in human milk. This is why non-fat cow’s milk is used in infant formulas. As is commonly known, saturated animal fat can contribute to heart disease. Infant formulas contain an appropriate blend of vegetable oils that meet an infant’s need for essential fatty acids. Goat’s milk does not contain the types or amounts of saturated fat, monounsaturated fat and polyunsaturated fat of human milk and infant formulas. The right proportion of these fats is necessary to ensure brain, organ, and tissue development. Fat is also used for energy to fuel a baby’s growth, along with carbohydrates.

The type of carbohydrate in goat’s milk is lactose, similar to human milk and cow’s milk, but like cow’s milk it is lower than the amount of lactose found in human milk and infant formula and, therefore,would not meet the total carbohydrate needs of an infant. Carbohydrates are needed for energy to fuel growth during early childhood.

Goat’s milk is deficient in iron, folic acid and Vitamin B6, all nutrients needed during early childhood to prevent anemia. Goat’s milk should not be used as a substitute for an infant formula or as a supplement to breast milk. 

Baby’s Only Organic® Dairy formulas and Dairy with Whey Protein formulas are based on modified non-fat organic cow’s milk and organic whey protein. Baby’s Only Organic® Soy Formula is based on organic soy protein. All of these formulas have been formulated to ensure the correct balance of protein, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals, all nutrients needed for infant growth and development.  Baby’s Only Organic® formulas meet the nutrient composition recommendations of the Academy of Pediatrics for formulas.

If a parent is considering use of goat’s milk because baby is having difficulty with formulas, this may signal a greater importance to seek guidance and receive proper nutritional advice appropriate for an infant. Consult your infant’s healthcare professional for advice on the type of infant formula appropriate for your child.


2 Bellioni-Businco B, Paganelli R, Lucenti P, et al. “Allergenicity of goat’s milk in children with cow’s milk allergy.” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 1999; 103:1191-1194.

3 Pessler F, Nejat M. “Anaphylactic reaction to goat’s milk in a cow’s milk-allergic infant.” Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. 2004; 15:183-185.

4 Hendriksz, C. J., Walter, J. H. "Feeding infants undiluted goat's milk can mimic Tyrosinaemia type I," Acta Paediatr 2004; 93:552-553. 5 Basnet, S et al. “Fresh goat’s milk for infants: myths and realities – a review,” Pediatrics 2010; 125:973-977.



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