Pediatric Illness useage of PediaVance

Can PediaVance be used while a child is sick & vomiting?

When a child is ill and vomiting, an oral rehydration solution such as PediaVance® can help prevent dehydration. Children will usually gladly drink an oral rehydration solution because they are thirsty. However, if vomiting persists and the child is unable to consume an adequate amount of liquids, this warrants an immediate call to the child’s healthcare. Persistent vomiting or vomiting caused by a bowel obstruction will require use of intravenous (IV) therapy.

When is an oral electrolyte solution needed for an infant or child?

Whenever any illness occurs that could or does result in dehydration, an oral electrolyte solution, such as PediaVance®, will usually be recommended.  Dehydration is a potential problem when fever, diarrhea, vomiting, or prolonged periods of lack of fluids occurs because of lack of appetite.  Some common illnesses that could cause dehydration include:

  • Flu
  • Viral gastroenteritis (sometimes called stomach flu or intestinal flu)
  • Rotavirus
  • Norwalk virus and  Norwalk-like viruses (NLV)
  • Food poisoning

Why would an oral electrolyte solution be used as a treatment for the flu?

The common symptoms of the flu may include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Chills
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Diarrhea

Flu symptoms can be mild or severe.  If they are mild, they can become severe without much notice, especially in young children.  Vomiting, diarrhea and fever can dry up the body’s normal level of fluids which leads to dehydration.  In infants and children, an oral electrolyte solution, such as PediaVance®, is usually preferred to prevent or treat mild to moderate dehydration.  Common household beverages, such as juices and sodas or plain water, are often not recommended because they do not contain the appropriate balance of water, carbohydrates, and minerals (sodium, potassium and chloride) to maintain hydration. Treatment of the flu should also include getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids to maintain hydration.

Always check with your healthcare professional before using any medications.  Acetaminophen may be recommended to relieve the fever and muscle aches associated with the flu.  Infants and children with flu symptoms should not take aspirin because aspirin ingestion could lead to Reye syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal liver disease. 

Why would an oral electrolyte solution be used as a treatment for viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu or intestinal flu)?

The common symptoms of viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu or intestinal flu) are similar to the flu and may include one or more of the following:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Mild fever
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Chills
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle aches.

The illness may develop over a period of hours or it may suddenly start with stomach cramps, vomiting, or diarrhea. Dehydration can become a serious complication of stomach flu or intestinal flu.  It can occur when the body loses too much fluid because of vomiting and diarrhea. 

When the first signs of gastric or intestinal flu appear, solid foods and milk or milk products should not be consumed.  Clear liquids are recommended.  For infants and children, an oral electrolyte solution, such as PediaVance®, is usually preferred over household beverages to prevent dehydration and maintain the body’s water and minerals (sodium, potassium and chloride) at appropriate levels.  An oral electrolyte solution is also preferred over acidic liquids such as fruit juices and carbonated beverages which can further upset the stomach.  Small, frequent sips of the oral electrolyte solution are important especially if there has been frequent vomiting. Once liquids are well tolerated, soft bland foods that are easy to digest can be given.  

In severe situations, dehydration can quickly become life threatening and hospitalization may be required whereby intravenous fluids are needed to maintain hydration. 

Always check with your healthcare professional before using any medications.   Acetaminophen may be recommended to relieve the fever and muscle aches associated with stomach or intestinal flu.  Infants and children with stomach or intestinal flu symptoms should not take aspirin because ingested aspirin could lead to Reye syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal liver disease.  

If symptoms persist for more than 24 hours or if there is bloody vomit or bloody diarrhea or severe stomach pain, contact your healthcare provider immediately to be sure that more serious problems are not occurring and to check for dehydration.

 

Why would an oral electrolyte solution be used as a treatment for rotavirus?

Symptoms of a rotavirus infection can include:

  • Watery diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Runny nose
  • Cough

Rotavirus is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in infants and young children.  Sometimes the diarrhea is so severe it can quickly lead to dehydration.  So always call your healthcare professional when signs of rotavirus appear.  Also, your healthcare professional will recommend a rotavirus vaccine as a part of the routine immunizations given to all infants to help prevent a rotavirus infection.

For mild to moderate diarrhea with no signs of dehydration, normal food consumption should continue but more liquids should be provided.  An oral electrolyte solution, such as PediaVance®, should be given in small, frequent amounts to prevent or correct dehydration.  Fruit juices and sodas should always be avoided because they can make the diarrhea worse.

Always check with your healthcare professional before using any medications.   Acetaminophen may be recommended to relieve any fever.   Infants and children with symptoms should not take aspirin because aspirin may lead to Reye syndrome, a rare but potentially fatal liver disease.  

 

Why would an oral electrolyte solution be used as a treatment for norovirus, including the Norwalk virus?

Norwalk virus and Norwalk-like viruses (NLV) cause gastrointestinal illness.  These viruses usually occur in outbreaks and are one of the leading causes of foodborne diseases in the United States, usually associated with eating raw oysters or clams or swallowing stool-contaminated food or water.  An infection from one of these viruses is more prevalent in adults and older children but could occur in young children. 

The symptoms of an infection from the Norwalk virus or from Norwalk-like viruses may include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps

The symptoms of the viral infection usually last for 2 to 3 days. 

Cleanliness and good hand washing are always recommended as preventative measures. 

A complication resulting from the illness is dehydration because of fluid losses from vomiting and/or diarrhea.  An oral electrolyte solution, such as PediaVance®, may be recommended to prevent or treat mild to moderate dehydration associated with the symptoms of the viral infection and to help maintain the body’s water, carbohydrate, and mineral (sodium, potassium, chloride) balance.

Always check with your healthcare professional before using any medications.  

 

Why would an oral electrolyte solution be used as a treatment for food poisoning?

Food poisoning occurs in situations where food may be left unrefrigerated too long causing bacterial growth or food preparation techniques are not clean.  Food poisoning also often occurs from consuming undercooked meats or from the improper canning of foods.  A number of different organisms can cause food poisoning.  These include E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, and the botulism organism.

Symptoms from the most common types of food poisoning usually start within 2 to 6 hours of eating the responsible food item.  However, the time may be longer depending on the toxin or organism causing the poisoning.  Symptoms of food poisoning can include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Weakness
  • Headache

Always check with your healthcare professional when these symptoms occur.  Also, always check with your healthcare professional before using any medications. 

A major goal in the treatment of food poisoning is to avoid dehydration.  Hold off on solid foods until the diarrhea has passed and drink lots of fluids.  In infants and children, an oral electrolyte solution, such as PediaVance®, will usually be recommended to assure that the appropriate mix and balance of water, carbohydrates, and minerals (sodium, potassium and chloride) are taken in to the body to prevent or treat mild to moderate dehydration.  Milk and dairy products, sodas, juices and other household beverages may worsen diarrhea.

 

 

 

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