An oral electrolyte solution consists of specific amounts of water, certain types of carbohydrates, and the electrolytes (minerals) sodium, potassium and chloride needed to maintain hydration or to treat or prevent dehydration due to illness, excessive heat, or intensive exercise. The composition of an oral electrolyte solution, such as PediaVance®, is designed to help the body maintain its water and electrolyte composition in the correct proportions.
Both the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) strongly promote the use of oral rehydration therapy in children to treat dehydration resulting from diarrheal illness.1,2 Oral electrolyte solutions are extremely effective, inexpensive when compared to intravenous (IV) therapy, and simple for parents, caretakers and healthcare professionals to use or prepare.2,3
1 Claeson M, Merson MH. Global progress in the control of diarrheal disease. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 1990; 9:345-355.
2 Duggan C, Santosham M, Glass, RI. The management of acute diarrhea in children: oral rehydration, maintenance, and nutritional therapy. MMWR Recomm. Rep. 1992; 41 (RR-16):1-20.
3 American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Quality Improvement, Subcommittee on Acute Gastroenteritis. Practice parameter: the management of acute gastroenteritis in young children. Pediatrics. 1996; 97:424-433.